The bad image of white flour is spreading quickly! Yet one flour is not the other flour. The choice has become enormous in recent years. To keep an overview, we have listed the different types of flour.
What do the numbers on the packaging mean?
In the case of flour, a distinction is first made between different types. The type number indicates the amount of nutrients in milligrams per 100 g of flour and depends on whether the grain has been processed before grinding and how much it is ground later . The different types of flour start at 405 and go up to 1800. 100 g of a wheat flour of the 405 type therefore contains 405 mg of vitamins, minerals and fiber.
White flour is produced by loosening the skin and the germ from the germ white. After grinding, this produces a smooth and soft flour that is ideal for further processing. Unfortunately, most of the nutrients are also lost through this process. White flour is often equated with wheat flour. But this is wrong. White flour can be produced from any type of grain. It does not matter whether it is rye, wheat or spelled. It is important to always choose the whole grain alternative.
White flour makes you sick
Everyone assumes that white flour is the culprit of all problems and that by no longer eating white flour you can cure many diseases. From a scientific point of view, this is controversial, to say that white flour would make people sick. We recommend a healthy and balanced diet with lots of fruit and vegetables. In addition to carbohydrates, you also need to get enough proteins and fats.
White flour makes you thick
The more calories you consume in a day than you can burn, the more you will gain weight . White flour is not to blame, but physics. Bread, pizzas and pastas are rich in white flour and usually very high in calories. So if you want to get or stay in shape, you have to use the energy absorbed through carbohydrates during a training session. Whole grain flour
During the milling process of whole wheat flour, the chaff of the grain and the germ are left, because it contains most of the vitamins , minerals and fiber . This makes the structure of the dark wholemeal flour more tangible, making it slower to absorb moisture and make it harder to bake. To bake light and nutritious bread, wheat and wholemeal flour are often mixed.
Most cereals contain gluten. When baking, it makes the dough elastic, airy and stable. The most popular gluten-free flours include coconut flour, chickpea flour, rice flour and buckwheat flour. Oatmeal can also be an alternative, as the gluten content of oatmeal is very low and most people can tolerate it.
Buckwheat flour is a gluten-free and nutritious flour made from buckwheat seeds. Contrary to popular belief, buckwheat is not a cereal but a plant of the knotweed family. In Russia it has been a popular food for years and is slowly making its way into our kitchen. Buckwheat flour is excellent for baking bread, pizza crusts or pancakes.
Chickpea flour is made from peeled chickpeas. Like the pea itself, it has a light brown to yellowish color and a slightly nutty taste . The gluten-free flour is rich in vegetable proteins and various minerals . It is suitable for cooking, baking and for delicious spreads or dips. The pure chickpeas or flour are also often used for the preparation of hummus or falafel.
Coconut flour is made from dried and de-oiled coconut pulp. It is therefore easy to digest for people with a sensitive digestive system or gluten intolerance . Coconut flour is low in cholesterol and high in fiber. You can bake with it, but also use it for sauces and desserts. As a small fiber booster, you can also put some coconut flour over your muesli or in your smoothie.
Anyone who likes to eat bread, cake, pizza and the like knows that these delicacies are often prepared with flour. The conventional white flour can be replaced in whole or in part with more nutritious alternatives such as chickpea, coconut, buckwheat or oat flour. An increase in weight due to the consumption of (white) flour products is rather the result of a related excess of calories. With our free calorie calculator you can calculate your carbohydrate needs depending on your personal goal .